Immunizations are an essential part of well-child care. Proper immunizations protect the health of the individual child and protect all children in the community as a whole. Many parents have concerns about immunizations, and may choose to not immunize their children, but it is important to fully understand each immunization. As a parent, you are encouraged to talk to your pediatrician for more information on proper immunization scheduling for your child.
Immunizations for Teenagers and Young Adults
Many parents only think of vaccines as something needed for infants and young children, and that they are less important later in life. However, teenagers and young adults often get a number of vaccine-preventable diseases, including hepatitis B, measles, German measles and chickenpox. Teens and young adults need protection against infectious illnesses as well.
Teenagers are encouraged to see their pediatrician or other physician on a regular basis and should keep an updated record of their immunizations. Many will need more vaccinations as teenagers, particularly if they have not been previously vaccinated against hepatitis B or chickenpox. Important vaccines for your teenager include:
- Measles-mumps-rubella (MMR)
- Tetanus-diptheria-acellular pertussis (Tdap) or tetanus-diptheria (Td) booster
- Hepatitis A
As a responsible parent, it is important for you to be fully informed on the vaccines offered for your child. If you have any questions or concerns, you can talk with your pediatrician.
- Acute infections of the middle ear
- Enlarged adenoids
- Bacterial, fungal or viral infection in the external part of the ear
- Netting has a small weave without any tears.
- The drop side is up and securely locked.
- The rails and padding are in good condition.
- Toys are not strung from the playpen
- You don’t use an accordion-style fence as a play yard.
- Two to three ounces of lean protein for muscle and tissue development. This can include chicken, turkey or tuna on a whole grain mini-bagel. Pair this with chickpeas or a hardboiled egg and your child will receive the lean protein they need at lunch.
- Heart healthy oils for heart and brain health might include two tablespoons of natural peanut butter on several whole grain crackers.
- Fruits such as grapes, mandarin oranges, pears and berries provide fiber and micronutrients. You can also include vegetables such as broccoli or grape tomatoes, or even whole grains, including whole grain bread, bagels, pasta, quinoa and brown rice.
- Calcium rich food is very important for bone development. These foods include low-fat cheese or six to eight ounces of low fat milk or yogurt.
How do I know When my Child is Ready?
- Knows words for urine, stool and toilet
- Is somewhat bothered by feeling wet or soiled
- Shows interest in using the potty
- Has an awareness of when they are about to urinate or have a bowel movement
Are You Ready?
Explore Different Strategies
- The hugs-and-kisses approach – give your child praise every time they use the potty correctly.
- The cold-turkey underwear approach – let your child pick out several pairs of “fun” underwear to make them feel special and go from there.
- The get-with-the-program approach – dedicate time to promoting potty use for your child. Stay home and gently steer your toddler to the bathroom at predictable points throughout the day.
- The sticker-chart approach – this is a fun way to encourage your child to begin potty training. Each time they use the potty, they get a sticker.
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